Mainstreaming migration into policy planning" / “Integración de la migración en la planificación de políticas
- General Information
Conventional narratives on migration and development (M&D) historically oscillate between optimistic and pessimistic views, in which, respectively, migration is seen as a driver for development (leading in turn towards less migration) or as a brake to development (for example, through “brain drain”), leading to more migration). Nowadays, the most commonly accepted view is that wellgoverned migration can result in improved development outcomes for all concerned, namely countries of origin and destination as well as migrants and their families. This vision, putting migration policies at the centre of these narrative, tends to focus however on the migrant as an actor of development, with a strong emphasis on the role of remittances, without devoting too much attention to the effects of development on migration.
Furthermore, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015, recognizes the strong link between decent work and migration in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 8 on promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all, which contains target 8:8: “Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment.”
Other important targets relating to labour migration are found in SDG 10 on reducing inequality within and among countries: “facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies” (target 10.7).
In the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, which is an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, States have also committed to increase their cooperation to reduce the costs of labour migration, such as lowering the costs of recruitment for migrants, recognition of foreign qualifications, education and skills, and portability of earned social security benefits (para. 111).
Recently, the notion of “mainstreaming migration into policy planning” has emerged as an innovative and coherence-driven concept, which recognizes the complex nature of migration and its interrelation with a broad spectrum of policies relating to development. It also implies migrants as rights-bearers first and foremost before seeing them as factors for development, recognizing that people should have the freedom to choose whether to migrate or not. Mainstreaming migration into policy planning within a rights-based and human development-based framework means adopting a sectoral approach to migration and recognizing that:
• Migration is a cross-cutting issue, which is neither intrinsically positive, nor negative, nor neutral, as it is linked with several other factors, such as policies and the social dynamic: the way in which migration takes place is key, and this implies seeing migrants as rights bearers;
• As a cross-cutting issue, migration is affected by a broad range of policy sectors, from health, employment and labour, education, to the environment and social protection;
• Similarly, migration has an impact on these same policy sectors, as by nature migration directly impacts societies, both at home and in host countries;
• Therefore, the link between migration and development has to be seen as a non-linear one, in which migration affects development and development policies affect migration.
• From this point of view, migration is an intrinsic aspect of development
Based on the above, mainstreaming migration therefore implies identifying, on a case-by-case basis, the sectors that affect and that are affected by migration in order to introduce migration as a parameter in the planning of these sectoral policies. Moreover, mainstreaming implies building coherence across the different sectoral policies related to migration, with a view to adopting a whole-of-government approach, while constantly addressing protection of the rights of migrants. This notion also allows keeping some distance from dichotomies such as those concerned with perceived “destination” or “receiving” and “origin” or “sending” countries, “developing” and “developed” countries, and “benefi ciaries” and “donors”, which do not necessarily fi t to the complex reality of migration, and which needs a comprehensive approach such as that embedded in mainstreaming processes. It also allows bridging national and local policies, as both policy levels are concerned with migration in different though complementary ways. This joint ITCILO/IOM training activity builds on the mandates and experience of both agencies, independently and jointly, and aims to gather practitioners from different backgrounds, institutions, policy areas and contexts around the issue of migration and development. ITCILO, as the training arm of the ILO, reinforces the institutional capacities of governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations in order to improve labour migration policies that can achieve more equitable and sustainable development with a focus on the needs of working men and women who generate the benefi ts towards development and who support their families and communities in countries of origin and destination.
IOM has a long experience in working on the link between migration and development, both conceptually and through its programmatic approach. IOM is currently implementing in eight countries, jointly with UNDP, the project “Mainstreaming migration into national development planning” funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) Both agencies are also engaged in the preparation by the Global Migration Group (GMG) of guidance on integrating migration and displacement into United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) (currently under review in view of the adoption of the 2030 Agenda) and other national development planning processes. This work is being undertaken under the auspices of the GMG Working Group on Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies, co-chaired by IOM and UNDP.
In order to build on the opportunities brought by the participation of actors from diverse backgrounds, institutions, policy areas and contexts, the training will privilege a truly participative approach, where the exchange of views and experiences will be central in the learning process. Similarly, a multidisciplinary approach, based on the intervention of experts and institutions focusing on particular aspects of the M&D nexus, such as human rights and protection of migrants’ rights, and labour migration, will help to ensure that the learning methods are in line with the building blocks of the mainstreaming approach. Other agencies from the Global Migration Group (such as UNDP and UN Women) will also be involved in the delivery of the training
The objectives of the course are the following:
• To enhance the understanding of actors from different backgrounds, institutions, policy areas and contexts on the links between migration and sectoral policies
• To strengthen the capacity of participating actors to enhance policy coherence through multi-stakeholder mechanisms
• To support the importance of a rights based approach in the governance of migration and in mainstreaming mechanisms
• To promote an understanding of the mechanisms, opportunities and challenges related to the engagement of migrants in development-related policy and planning, throughout the whole migration cycle
• To foster dynamics aiming to build policy coherence throughout different levels of governance, from the local to the national, informing also regional and global M&D processes and debates
The structure of the course will be as follows:
• Plenary sessions: High-level experts from different backgrounds and representing different organisations will be invited to join morning discussions on high-priority, cross-cutting and emerging themes in the fi eld of migration and development. This will offer a useful contextual backdrop to the more detailed discussions in the elective streams (optional sessions).
The topics that will be covered during plenary sessions are (among others):
– Emergence, development and current trends of the migration and development discourse
– Coherence/Incoherence between migration and development policies
– Migration in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and related global debates
– Why should we mainstream migration into policy planning?
– Who are the actors to be involved?
• Optional sessions: Each participant will be asked to register to attend at least 2 out of the 4 streams proposed.
The optional sessions are the following:
– Integrating the gender approach in the M&D nexus.
– Mainstreaming migration (and displacement) in employment policy and vice versa: how to ensure access to decent work for migrant workers (and refugees)?
– Mainstreaming migration at the local level
– Migration and Human Rights: A rights-based approach to mainstreaming migration
Interactive sessions: Interactive sessions will be held throughout the course where further group work, analysis of projects, mutual support and identification of potential partnerships will allow for a more in-depth approach to the specific issues addressed in the sessions. These sessions will be facilitated around peer-to-peer learning, encouraging participants to develop, share and challenge ideas among themselves.
The course will use the Turin learning approach which is organized in three phases:
• Phase 1 - Pre-course information on the Internet-based learning platform: two weeks before the course
• Phase 2 - Face-to-face workshops: one week course in Turin
• Phase 3 - Post-Training on the Internet-based learning platform (during the course of two weeks after phase 2)
The course is designed for key stakeholders dealing with migration and development issues and more specifically:
• officials, policy-planners and practitioners from public institutions (including local and regional authorities) and ministries dealing with migration policies and/or development planning processes at local and national level;
• practitioners addressing the linkages between migration and development;
• representatives of workers’ and employers’ organisations as well as representatives of civil society organizations (CSOs) , including diaspora organization;
• officials, managers and experts from international development agencies.
Given that the mainstreaming approach is independent from any North-South / “origin-destination” divide and is equally
in a multitude of different contexts, participation of actors from both the global North and South and origin and destination countries is encouraged.
- Course Resources
This section contains
- Training materials
- Useful Information
We are pleased to inform you that the following social activities have been organized for you:
- On Tuesday, 24 May 2016 a guided city tour will provide you with the opportunity to discover the main monuments, squares and a bit of the history of Turin. Participation is free of charge and all participants are already booked. The bus will leave from the Reception at 5:15 pm and will be back to our Campus at by 8:00 pm, on time for dinner.
- On Wednesday, 25 May 2016: group photo will be taken at 10:30 am, at the beginning of the coffee break. Each participant will receive a copy of the photo at the end of the course.
- On Thursday, 26 May 2016 you are invited to the course dinner in a Restaurant in the city centre, on the banks of the Po river. The dinner will be offered by the course and you are warmly invited to join. Should you have any dietary requirement or should you prefer not to join, please let us know at the Secretariat Tuesday 28 May. The buses will leave from the Reception at 07:30 pm, sharp.
Please note that the meal card you received upon your arrival at the Centre is loaded with the amount of 18 euros per day. The card has to be used to pay your meals at the Canteen and/or at the Coffee Lounge. Any unspent amount will be added to the next day 18 Euros, while should you exceed the 18 Euros per day, you’ll be requested to pay the difference in cash. Any unspent amount at the end of your stay at the Centre will not be reimbursed.
Campus Life is at the forefront in providing information to our Guests thanks its modern layout and is available on devices such as PCs, smartphones, tablets, as well as through ad-hoc screens located in various areas of the campus.
Check it out at: http://campuslife.itcilo.org/
For an updated list of leisure time activities, consult our latest monthly bulletin